The town of Lomonosov – in the past Oranienbaum – is situated on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, in forty kilometers from St. Petersburg. The name of M. V. Lomonosov – the ingenious Russian scientist, educator, poet and artist – was given to the town in 1948. The country site on which Lomonosov is located now Peter I presented to the grand duke A. D. Menshikov. He began construction of the big estate called "Oranienbaum" that means "a wild orange tree".
In 1948 Oranienbaum was renamed into Lomonosov. Oranienbaum is the only suburb which didn't undergo destruction by fascist aggressors during World War II. Damaged, but not destroyed in the years of war, palaces museums and parks of the city of Lomonosov have kept decorative furniture of the 18th century in all the originality. Therefore they are of huge art value as the original architectural monuments and can familiarize us with the history and art of the past.