Tsarskoye Selo palace and park ensemble is a brilliant monument of world architecture and landscape gardening art of XVIII — the beginning of the XX century. A constellation of outstanding architects, sculptors, painters embodied plans of crown-bearing customers here. In Tsarskoye Selo the best examples of architecture of baroque and classicism are concentrated; there were the first interiors made in modernist style in the Russian capital.
The composition center of the ensemble is Ekaterina's palace — a magnificent sample of Russian baroque. The Big Hall and the Gold suite of rooms, among which is the world famous Amber room restored to new life enrapture with luxury of furniture. Today, entering the palace, we can feel the spirit of Elizabeth’ and Ekaterina's eras and get acquainted with the unique works of fine and applied art.
There was a small estate "Saris hoff", or "Saaris moisio" (in translation from Finnish — "the grange on a towering place") at the place of future Tsarskoye Selo designated on the Swedish maps of XVII century. The grange was presented to A. D. Menshikov appointed the governor general of the liberated land after the end of the Northern war. On June 24, 1710 by order of Peter I it was presented to his future wife Ekaterina Alekseevna ( the official wedding of Peter I with Ekaterina took place in February, 1712) and included in the category of palace lands.
In 1710-1720 at the place of the estate the country imperial residence and also the settlement of palace attendants was being created. Gradually the planning of ensemble was ordered. Soon the Sarsky grange began to be called the Sarsky Village, and from the beginning of the palace construction it received a high title of Tsarskoye Selo.
During two centuries Tsarskoye Selo was the summer imperial residence.
After the October revolution in 1917 the palace and park ensemble was turned into the museum. The best buildings of the city were delegated to teaching and educational and improving establishments for children. So the city was renamed into Detskoe Selo in 1918. On June 9 the same year the Catherine Palace was open as the museum. In 1937, in commemoration of centenary anniversary of the tragic death of A.S. Pushkin, the city where the future poet was trained at the Imperial lyceum, began to be called to his name. Finally, in January, 1983 palaces and parks of the city of Pushkin were given the status of reserve which in 1990 received the present name: State memorial estate "Tsarskoye Selo".